If you would like to go back to the beginning of this A-Z of beekeeping, click here.
Solid food made from sugar – also called fondant, that may be fed to bees.
Cells of the honey comb that have been covered over with wax by honey bees following the honey making process. It is at this stage that beekeepers know the honey is ‘ready’, and may begin to harvest it. Read more about how bees make honey.
Capping of cells also occurs once grubs pupate in the cells. At this point, again honey bee workers cap the cell with wax. Read more about the honey bee lifecycle.
A sub species of honey bee – Apis mellifera carnica, originating in Central Europe. It is considered to be docile and suited to cooler climates.
Hexagonal cells are constructed by honey bees, and are used for storing honey and rearing larvae, including queens.
Caused by Ascosphaera apis. A fungal infection which ‘mummifies’ the larvae of the honey bee, giving a ‘chalky’ appearance. Not as serious as American foul brood.
Chandler, Phil – The Barefoot Beekeeper
Author and advocate of ‘Natural Beekeeping’. Read this Q&A with Phil.
Honey bees live in colonies, with a queen, workers and drones. A colony goes through cycles, and can reach around 60,000 bees or even more. Read about honey bee colonies.
Colony Collapse Disorder
Also known as CCD. For further information, visit this page.
Cut comb honey – created where the bees live in top bar hives, or with unwired foundation.
Known also as an inner cover. A movable flat board above the super in traditional hives rather than top bar hives. It has a hole in it for ventilation and feeding access. By adding an ‘escape’, the hole also allows it to double as a ‘clearer board ‘.
Dadant, Charles (20 May 1817–26 July 1902)
A French American beekeeper, considered to be one of the founding fathers of ‘modern beekeeping’, and inventor of the Dadant bee hive. Read more about bee hives.
A male bee. Drones have no sting, and do not survive with the colony through the winter. They may live for just a few weeks or up to 4 months. Read more about drones.
The practice of removing cells containing drones, sometimes to hamper the spread of Varroa infestation (Varroa mite are believed to prefer drone cells over other cells). In the past, drones were also sometimes culled because it was thought they were a drain on the colonies.
However, not all beekeepers practice drone culling, and some are opposed. There is concern the end effect is a reduction in the quality of queens due to a shortage of good drones.
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