A bee tasked with monitoring potential threats to the hive, such as from wasps and other ‘stranger’ bees. In the event of a threat, guard bees emit a pheromone which alerts other colony members.
Primary author of a scientific paper highlighting the potential risk of exposure to bees from neonicotinoid pesticides through guttation.
The bee’s body fluid or ‘bee blood’.
Lifting a hive in order to determine the weight, and hence availability of food supplies for feeding the honey bee colony.
Structure used for the purpose of housing domesticated bees. See types of bee hive.
A handy tool used by beekeepers for scraping as well as levering and separating frames. See more in beekeeping equipment.
The period of time in the year when nectar availability from flowers is at its peak – a key foraging time for bees.
Wax, hexagonal cells containing honey.
The habit of bees describing the maintenance of cleanliness of bees about themselves and within the hive and colony. It includes removing dead bees and diseased larvae, as well as grooming of colony members. Watch this video of a bee grooming away varroa mite.
One of the neonicotinoid insecticides restricted by the EU. Read more about bees and neonicotinoids.
Of Wight Disease
A disease first found on the Isle of Wight, UK in 1904. The tracheal mite, Acarine, or Acarapis woodii are thought to be a major factor. It affects the breathing tubes (trachea) of the bees. The origin of the mite (where the mite had come from) is not known. Acarine can lead to the collapse of a whole colony if infestation is severe. Although there is no known treatment, it is generally thought to pose a low threat in the UK these days, although Tracheal mites had a negative impact on the beekeeping industry in North America, after it arrived in North America in the 1980s from Mexico.
Bee – Apis mellifera ligustica
Generally thought of as a bee with good temperament from the perspective of beekeepers. It is reputed to produce a large honey crop, and rarely swarms.
(See royal jelly)