Which Roses Do Bees Like?

Last updated: 18th February 2020

Which roses do bees like?  
Pictured: Bumble bee foraging on wild rose - <I>Rosa acicularis</I>Which roses do bees like?
Above: A lovely bumble bee foraging on wild rose - Rosa acicularis


Around the sandy coast where I live, there are many wild rose shrubs growing around the dunes, as well as naturalised Beach Roses (Rosa rugosa).  Bees are very active visiting both.  Wild roses and Rosa rugosa have lovely open flowers, and fewer petals than some of the heavily cultivated varieties.  Indeed, as a general rule of thumb, if you want to select roses that will attract bees, it's best to go for the older, traditional types, with more open flowers, fewer petals - and often they will have a lovely scent. 

Why are bees attracted to these roses?

Bumble bee foraging on wild rose - <I>Rosa acicularis</I> which is a rich source of pollen for bees - as can be seen from this bee's pollen baskets (corbiculae).Bumble bee foraging on wild rose - Rosa acicularis which is a rich source of pollen for bees - as can be seen from this bee's pollen baskets (corbiculae).

Bees visit the roses especially to collect the pollen.  The buzzing of bumble bees can be quite loud as they typically grab hold of the anthers and vibrate their thorax against them to release the pollen.  

Above: A bumble bee grabbing hold of <I>Rosa rugosa anthers</I>.Above: A bumble bee grabbing hold of Rosa rugosa anthers.

Honey bees and various solitary bee species are also keen to gather pollen from the bountiful anthers of wild roses and Rosa rugosa.

Worker honey bee <I>Apis mellifera</I> again with pollen baskets on the hind legs full of pollen, thanks to the fabulous anthers inside the flower of this wild rose.Worker honey bee Apis mellifera again with pollen baskets on the hind legs full of pollen, thanks to the fabulous anthers inside the flower of this wild rose.
Wild roses provide a rich source of pollen to solitary bees of various species. This bee is gathering pollen on long hairs on its legs, rather than in 'baskets' seen on honey and bumble bees.Wild roses provide a rich source of pollen to solitary bees of various species. This bee (as yet unidentified) is gathering pollen on long hairs on its legs, rather than in 'baskets' seen on honey and bumble bees.



D
uring my visit to the coast and walking around the village where I live, I have observed many bees on Rosa rugosa and on wild rosesSuffice to say I have on several occasions passed some very relaxed, happy hours on sunny days simply observing the bees, and here are a few more snaps from some of the time spent:

Bees on wild roses:

Wild roses can be climbers, or stand alone shrubs as with their cultivated relatives.  Wild roses are sometimes called ‘dog roses’ but this name actually refers to the climbing wild rose, Rosa canina.  However, the term ‘wild rose’ also includes other roses, for example Rosa acicularis, Rosa woodsii, Rosa arkansana, Rosa virginiana.

Honey bees <I>Apis mellifera</I> also forage on these lovely, fragrant roses.Honey bees - Apis mellifera also forage on these lovely, open-flowered roses.
Open flowers of old wild roses offer a welcome to passing bumble bees.Open flowers of old wild roses offer a welcome to passing bumble bees.
The anthers inside the flowers offer bees plenty of pollen.The anthers inside the flowers offer bees plenty of pollen.
Look closely and you can just see this honey bee has pollen baskets on the hind legs, full of pollen.Look closely and you can just see this honey bee has pollen baskets on the hind legs, full of pollen.
Above - wild dog rose, a climber.Above - wild dog rose, a climber.
Wild roses growing among the grasses on the sand dune landscape.Wild roses growing among the grasses on the sand dune landscape.
Climbing wild rose.Climbing wild rose.




Bees on Rosa rugosa

Broken belted bumble bee - <I>Bombus soroeensis</I> foraging on <I>Rosa rugosa</I>.Broken belted bumble bee - Bombus soroeensis foraging on Rosa rugosa.

Rosa rugosa is one of my favourite flowering garden shrubs for bees.  I love both the pink and white varieties available.  It's a wonderfully decorative bush, and it has a fairly long flowering period.  The fragrance from the flowers is absolutely divine, and even the rose hips are a wonderful sight: they look like large, glossy red balls that have been slightly squashed!  The prickly stems make them an excellent protective boundary shrub too.

Honey bee - <I>Apis mellifera</I> foraging on <I>Rosa rugosa</I>.Honey bee - Apis mellifera foraging on Rosa rugosa.

Some of these pictures were taken a little way down the road from where I live.  These rose bushes form part of the boundary hedge, and the owner has used both pink and white varieties.  Other types of shrub are mixed in too, such as hawthorn, privet and sloes.  Having had a number of chats with the owner of the garden, it's very clear he plans the space with wildlife in mind.  His garden attracts bees (solitary, bumble and honey bees), small voles and plenty of birds.

Tree bumble bee - <I>Bombus hypnorum</I> foraging on fragrant <I>Rosa rugosa</I> in a garden boundary hedge.Tree bumble bee - Bombus hypnorum foraging on fragrant Rosa rugosa in a garden boundary hedge.
White <I>Rosa rugosa</I> are also popular with bees.White Rosa rugosa are also popular with bees.


Do other pollinators like roses?

What a handsome chap!  A thick-legged flower beetle - <I>Oedemera nobilis</I> - visiting a wild rose flower.What a handsome chap! A thick-legged flower beetle - Oedemera nobilis - visiting a wild rose flower.

You'll most probably see a variety of flies - including hover flies, inside the flower heads of roses, as well as a range of beetles of various sizes.

One of my favourites is this handsome fella - the thick- legged flower beetle.  This lovely pollinating beetle is notable for its beautiful metallic green body.

Side view: Thick-legged flower beetle -  <I>Oedemera nobilis</I> on wild rose.Side view: Thick-legged flower beetle - Oedemera nobilis on wild rose.


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