Bombus lapidarius (the red-tailed bumblebee), is one of Britain’s relatively common species of bumblebee, and is distributed widely throughout the British Isles. It is a social species, rather than a parasitic cuckoo bumblebee species such as Bombus rupestris, which can be mistaken for this species.
Other species of British bumblebee similar to the red-tailed, include Bombus ruderarius and Bombus monticola, both of which are social bumblebees.
In comparison with other bumblebees, this species has a short to medium length tongue.
Queen red-tailed bumblebees can be quite large – up to 22mm in length. I’m not sure if it is clear to readers from this photograph above, but the black short hair is almost velvety in appearance. This queen pictured, is foraging on berberis, a good source of food for bees in early spring.
Worker red-tailed bumblebees are variable in size, smaller than the Queen, and sometimes quite tiny! During my talks about bees, I often compare very small worker Bombus lapdiarius with the size of my little finger nail, which is only about 12mm in length.
Males are smaller than the queens, and most commonly have a yellow band on the collar, and a tuft of yellow on the face. Red hairs are sometimes apparent on the hind legs in males. Below is an excellent photograph of a Bombus lapidarius male, showing red hairs on the hind legs. Many thanks to 'Tawnylofts' for allowing me to use this lovely photograph.
Queens may emerge in March-April, although in some parts of the country, they have been observed to appear as early as mid February depending on weather conditions. They typically prospect for nests in grassland, wooded areas, scrub land, and may be seen inspecting small hollows in the ground and grassy turfs. However, along with other species of bumblebee, red-tailed bumblebees have adapted to the increasing shortage of natural nest sites, and they have been observed to establish nests in abandoned bird boxes.
Colonies are thought to reach about 300 workers by early to mid- summer, and new queens and males are seen from around June onwards. Newly impregnated queens that have built up their body fats, typically hibernate underground in loose soil.
As this bumblebee emerges fairly early in the season, it’s good to include a variety of spring flowering plants and shrubs in your garden to attract this species, and also to help Queens re-fuel after hibernation, as well as establish their colonies.
Plants and shrubs beneficial to red-tailed bumblebees include berberis, broom, bluebell, crocus, mahonia, erica cultivars,flowering currant, blackthorne. They also enjoy dandelions, gorse, red and white dead nettles, ground ivy, vetches, bird’s foot trefoil.
For summer, include thyme, lavatera, sedum, sage, poppy, teasel, laburnum, ceanothus, chive, wallflower, dahlia, clovers, purple loosestrife, marjoram, aster, comfrey, borage, and hebe. They also enjoy self-heal, knapweed, woundworts, mallows, brambles, thistles, burdock, willowherb, viper’s bugloss, heathers, ragwort and cat’s ears.
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