5 Types Of Honey Bee

Here are 5 types of honey bee most commonly considered by beekeepers (this may depend on location):

Dark European Bee - Apis mellifera mellifera (including the native British Black Bee)

Very much favoured by some, especially in northern Europe where it is well adapted to the cooler climate.  

Italian Honey Bee - Apis mellifera ligustica

Probably the world's most widely distributed honey bee.  However, may need higher levels of maintenance and feeding support in order to survive in cooler climates.  

Carnolian Honey Bee - Apis mellifera carnica

Favoured by some beekeepers, but it is worth bearing in mind that these bees evolved in a geographic region where summers are warm, but short, whilst winters are cold and long.  If you are beekeeping in conditions similar to this, Apis mellifera carnica may be the right choice for you.  You will need to ensure there is ample supply of suitable nectar and pollen available from as early as possible in spring.

Caucasian Honey Bees - Apis mellifera caucasica

This honey bee has the longest tongue of Western honey bee sub-species.  Reputed to be gentle.

Buckfast Bee

A hybrid rather than a breed of bee.  The Buckfast Bee evolved from the efforts of brother Adam (1898 - 1996) at Buckfast Abbey in Devon, England.  His intention was to produce a disease-resistant, productive and good-tempered bee.  It is important to find a reliable breeder.

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