Wikileaks revealed a memo from the EPA, the regulatory body that grants marketing authorisations for pesticides such as Clothianidin, in the USA.
The EPA has been criticised for allowing the sale of
pesticides pending further evidence to be provided by the pesticide
Here is a quote from the leaked memo, which you can access on the link
here (opens new window).
(Note for British readers: Clothianidin is also licensed for use in the UK).
the EPA have responded to overwhelming criticism from the public. US
Beekeeper and campaigner, Tom Theobald has put together his own comments
on the EPA response. However, before you read Tom’s comments, I’d like
to draw your attention to a particular comment, and it is this:
The EPA say:
Your letter refers to the "imminent hazard" you believe to be posed by
clothianidin and urges the Agency to issue a "stop use order" to address
the situation. Let me clarify how a stop sale, use and removal order
operates. The Agency is authorized to issue a stop sale, use, and
removal order under section 13 of FIFRA in response to a violation of
FIFRA or after a pesticide has been cancelled or suspended. 7 U.S.C. ~
136k(a). Since clothianidin has not been cancelled or suspended and
there has not been a violation of FIFRA, it is unclear what basis the
Agency would have for issuing such an order.
Tom Theobald says:
Is this a Catch 22 or what? We can’t stop the sale or use because it
hasn’t been cancelled, and we aren’t going to cancel it. The basis for
issuing such and order is that clothianidin has failed to meet the
requirements for registration, independent of all this other gibberish.
Tom skilfully returns the EPA back to the central point: if the product has not met the registration requirements, should it be on the market in the first place?
In Europe, there exists a ‘Precautionary Principle’. (
The Precautionary Principle states: “Member States shall ensure that a plant protection product is not authorized unless…..it has no unacceptable influence on the environment…Authorizations may be reviewed at any time if there are indications that any of the requirements….are no longer satisfied.” - EU Directive 91/414
However, they have not required a full ban on neonicotinoids regardless.
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