Bee Bread


Bee bread is a mixture of honey, pollen, and secretions from the brood nurse bees.

It is fed to the honey bee larvae, and newly emerged worker bees must continue to eat it for a while, as this enables development of glands that produce food for the larvae and the honey bee queen. (See this brief page about honey bee anatomy).  Older worker bees survive mostly on honey.

It varies in nutritional content, depending on available nearby pollen and nectar sources. Analysis has shown that it contains fungi, amino acids, enzymes, proteins, lipids, yeasts and different types of bacteria, as well as minerals and vitamins.

Research has found that honey bees living in suburban areas and having access to gardens with a wide variety of plant material, actually have better diets than those honey bees which only have access to one crop, such as can be seen in vast tracts of agricultural land. When honey bees are exposed only to monocultures, they have a very limited and probably inferior diet. See these lists of plants in Gardening For Bees.


Find out about the honey bee life cycle




Learn more about honey bees


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