Is honey better than sugar, are there any benefits of eating honey, and if so, should we try and substitute honey for sugar?
Then again, if you’re on a diet, aren’t there lots of calories in honey anyway and is there any real difference between sugar and honey?
I felt that the best way to tackle this topic was to do a little research on both sugar and honey nutrition, then compile the results into nutritional tables (below), and only when armed with the facts can we really consider whether honey is healthier than sugar.
Of course, I have a
very basic summary here,
about the nutritional values of honey only, so if you want to skip the detail, then take a look at that link.
Finally, please do see my message at the bottom about buying honey ethically, and why it's important!
So.....is honey better than sugar?....
Calorie and Carbohydrate Comparison
From the tables, you can see that 100g of granulated white sugar contains more calories than 100g of honey. Remember that honey consists of about 17% water (water having no calories), whereas granulated white table sugar contains no water.
Per 100g, honey has 304 calories, whereas granulated sugar provides 387 calories per 100g.
Granulated sugar is 100% carbohydrate derived from sugars.
Honey carbohydrate is also comprised almost entirely of sugars, but with 1 calorie provided by protein. However, the types of sugars inside honey are entirely different from those found in granulated table sugar.
Granulated sugar consists of 100% sucrose.
Honey consists of only about 1.5g of sucrose, and the rest is fructose and glucose.
This is particularly relevant if you are an athlete or are engaging in sport, due to the provision of both short and sustained energy provision. This is because Glucose is absorbed quickly by the body, giving the body an immediate boost of energy.
Meanwhile, the Fructose is absorbed more slowly, providing energy over a longer period.
Therefore, because honey contains high levels of both glucose and fructose, it may provide both an immediate and sustained energy boost to those engaging in sports, in relatively small quantities.
can read a little more about this on my page ‘Calories in Honey’ –
there’s a link at the bottom of this page.
If you are dieting and wish to substitute honey for sugar as part of a
calorie controlled diet, then honey may help to sustain your energy levels, and in theory, you won't need quite as much, because honey is sweeter –
but I don’t advise you to eat a lot of it! When you look at how many calories are in honey, the advantage over sugar is a modest one where dieters are concerned.
At the end of the day, honey still contains a lot of calories. Just because this website is about bees, I don't think it is a good thing to try and sell to readers ideas about honey and nutrition that could be misleading!
There’s more about the topic of honey and weight loss if you follow the link here, but first, why not read on as there's some interesting background on this page.
Honey certainly contains some vitamins, whereas white sugar contains no vitamins at all.
Honey provides 1% of your recommended Vitamin C, Niacin (Vitamin B3), Folate (a water-soluble B vitamin) and Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5) requirement.
However, it has to be said that the vitamin content in honey is not
massive – for example, as stated, the table shows that if you eat 100g of honey,
you’ll only get 1% of your daily recommended amount of vitamin C – and
you’ll get a lot of calories (over 300!).
On the other hand, I happened to look at the vitamin C content of an apple. If you eat 100g of raw, fresh, unpeeled apple, you’ll get 8% of your daily requirement of vitamin C, and you’ll consume only 52 calories!
Of course, apples have other vitamins too, but if high
energy is a priority, or you are needing to put on weight, then honey is better for you.
……well, I said I wanted to put things in perspective! …… Now do read on!
Honey contains quality protein, albeit a very tiny amount, and 100g of honey gives you a score of 19.
The closer the score to 100, the better. In this respect, honey is
significantly better than sugar.
But what about that raw apple? Believe it or not, 100g of the humble
apple gets a score of 31!
Sugar on the otherhand, gets a miserable zero!
Sugar has very little mineral content.
100g of Honey is better, offering 1% of your daily calcium, potassium, zinc and selenium intake, 2% of your recommended daily iron value, and 4% for manganese. However, again these are small percentages of the daily recommended amount, and a lot of calories.
So yes, honey is healthier than white sugar in terms of minerals, but you will still need to find other sources of these minerals in additional
It seems that honey is more nutritious than white granulated sugar. If you
are engaging in sports, then honey has benefits. (Don't forget
to see my link 'Calories in Honey' below).
However, if it's vitamins & minerals you're after, then you may be better off looking to fruits and vegetables, because honey is very high in calories, and in order to get your daily requirement you'd have to eat a lot of it (and no doubt put on weight). Get yourself a balanced diet with plenty of fruit and vegetables.
Should I Substitute Honey for Sugar?
It depends, but my views are as follows:
- If you are engaging in sports and need the energy, honey could be beneficial.
- If you’re on a diet, you could substitute honey for sugar. However, don’t eat lots of honey, because it is high in calories - substitute honey for sugar only as part of your calorie controlled diet - i.e. a teaspoon of honey instead of sugar. You may also be interested to read about the vinegar and honey diet! And this page comparing carbs and calories in honey vs sugar vs maple syrup and other sweeteners.
- Generally, I would say ‘everything in moderation’. If you are getting your full vitamins and minerals from a good balanced diet, there is no major need to use honey instead of sugar.
- Although sugar is made from plants and therefore starts off as a natural product, it is then refined and processed. However, there are organic, fairly traded versions available. There are also alternatives to honey, such as maple syrup.
- Most commonly, I think people replace
sugar with honey in small quantities, not because of diet but because of taste.
Honey vs Sugar in Bee Diets!
Just one more thing before you go......
A honey bee only makes 1 twelfth of a teaspoon of honey in its life time.
In other words, honey is to be
treasured and valued, and should never be a commodity.
Learn more about just how precious honey is by
following this link, describing how they make it.
Also, link from Honey vs Sugar to my page on missing bees to learn about the problems faced by our bees. We all need to do our bit!
Finally, all types of bees are having a hard time at the moment, from honey bees to bumblebees and solitary bees. We all need to do our bit to help them, and there are simple ways we can help. Read about these 10 simple ways to help the bees. Or link from 'Honey versus Sugar' to this page, explaining about the broader and important role of honey bees in conservation. It's not just about pollination!
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Did You Know?
Male honey bees (drones) have no father, but they do have a grandfather!
Does that sound impossible?
Did You Know?
Honey will keep indefinitely in a jar.
Did You Know?
Honey is food stored by honey bees to see them through the winter?