Wind Pollination

Wind pollination (also called 'Anemophily') describes the process of the transfer of pollen from one individual plant to another, whereby the pollen is carried by air currents.

Plants may be 'gymnosperms') (non-flowering) – common in grasses and grains, or 'angiosperms' (flower-producing). However, any flowers produced are not scented, nor do they produce nectar.

Pollen produced by these plants is of very low nutritional benefit to insects, having low protein content, and usually will only be gathered by them when other pollen sources are scarce.

This group of plants are adapted to ensure that grains of pollen can easily be carried from one plant to the next. The pollen is lighter than that which is found on other plants, and can even be picked up by the electromagnetic field of passing insects. In addition, male flowers have long filaments, with stamens exposing the pollen. Female flowers have long, feather-like stigmas, and so are ideally equipped to capture the pollen.

This group of plants includes grasses, but it also includes conifers and other trees such as birches and sweet chestnut. The pollen of this plant group frequently brings out symptoms of hayfever among those sensitive to the pollens.

Go to main links, including insect and bee pollination.

Plant pollination
Discover more about plant pollination, with a diagram of the process.

Flower Pollination
How are plants adapted to encourage visits from their target pollinators

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