Wildflowers For Bees, Butterflies And Other Pollinators

Following on from a previous page about wildflowers for bees, I thought it was time to add further information, following a number of queries about what to plant where, in particular species for environments often regarded as more challenging for plants and gardeners.  Common questions have included:

  • Which wildflowers can I plant in a shady area?
  • Will wildflowers survive in my heavy clay soil?
  • I live by the sandy coast, what would you recommend?

 

Having done some research, I came up with the following lists of wildflowers for bees and butterflies, for some particular conditions.  However, please note, I haven’t tested all of these myself! 

Some species appear to be quite adaptable in terms of their environment, whilst others appear to be more fussy!  There are some great resources available on the internet – see my links below to plant databases where you can search for ‘plants by postcode/zipcode’.

In the meantime, here are my lists:

 

Wildflowers Tolerant of Shade

When considering your options for a shady spot, think of the flowers found in the dappled sunlight of woodlands (as in the image below),

and wildflowers beneath hedgerows.  You may struggle with very heavy shade, however, to attract bees and other pollinators.

Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria)

Wood avens

Hedge Bedstraw

Nettle-leaved bellflower (campanula trachelium)

Betony

Bluebell

Meadow buttercup

Foxglove

Red Campion

Ramsons

Teasel

Tufted vetch

Columbine

St John’s Wort

Bush vetch

Wood sage

Hedge woundwort



Wildflowers For Bees Which Are Tolerant of Heavy Clay Soil

Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria)

Bird’s Foot Trefoil (pictured right)

Black Medick

Meadow Buttercup

White Campion

Cowslip

Common Knapweed

Greater Knapweed

Lady’s Bedstraw

Meadowsweet

Oxeye Daisy

Betony


Wildflowers Tolerant of Coastal Areas, Dry Sandy Conditions

Bird’s Foot Trefoil

Sea Campion

Evening Primrose

Common Knapweed

Poppy

Toadflax

Viper’s Bugloss


Kidney vetch

Corn marigold

St John’s wort

Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon (Tragopogon pratensis)

Common Cat's-ear (Hypochaeris radicata)  

Salad Burnet

Field Scabious

Selfheal (pictured left)

Wild Carrot

Teasel

Wild Clary

Yarrow

Yellow Rattle



My Favourite Wildflowers For Bees

There are so many gorgeous species to choose from, it's not easy to select absolute favourites, and it's down to personal taste in the end, but I especially like:

Cornflowers (pictured above with Bombus pratorum - the early bumblebee); bird's foot trefoil, sainfoin, vetches, corn marigold, bluebells, teasel and field scabious, forget-me-nots.

 

How Can I Include Wildflowers For Bees And Butterflies In My Garden?


Here are some ideas:

  1. Create a mini-meadow or wildflower patch.  See my page ‘lawns for bees’.
  2. Add them to your rockery.  Good candidates include selfheal, ajuga, bird’sfoot trefoil, evening primrose, cowslip – I have the first four of these in my own rockery.
  3. Plant them in your garden inter-mingled with your border plants.  I have found this is easily achieved with a number of species which I have experimented with in my small garden.  From the lists above, I currently have poppy, foxgloves, and hedge bedstraw (I have other flowers from my general lists of wildflowers for bees see here).  Teasels are on my list to add into the border at some point.  I have seen them in other gardens, and they provide real visual interest in a border, as well as being beneficial for pollinators. Read more about creating flower borders for bees.
  4. Fill planters – why not?  Again, there are lots of pretty candidates that would not look out of place!  Try forget-me-nots, low growing, creeping wildflowers, and poppies.

 

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