The question is honey good for you?, can be considered from several different perspectives.
if you are on a calorie controlled diet, then it is worth remembering that
honey is high in calories, just as sugar is.
However, according to research, it appears honey has some properties not contained within sugar, that may be beneficial to human health.
So let’s take a look at this question from the following perspectives:
From a nutritional standpoint, it appears that within the context of human diets, honey has few minerals and vitamins, and offers little in terms of amino acids and protein. The nutritional tables below show that, expressed as a %DV (Percentage of the ideal Daily Value) 100g of honey contributes only a small amount to the human diet as far as these elements are concerned.
Is honey good for you in terms of minerals in a diet? As you can see, 100g would offer only a small percentage of an adult's daily recommended mineral in take.
There's little protein....
...but of course, lots of sugar.
Is honey good for you in terms of vitamins in a diet? Not especially...
Honey is primarily a carbohydrate (i.e. an energy food). However, not all carbohydrates are the same. The carbohydrate component of honey is primarily sugar, and even here, the ways in which sugars behave in the body varies. Different sugars release energy at different rates, and this could be a relevant consideration if you are an athlete, and require a high energy diet.
On the one hand, honey offers an immediate energy boost due to the Glucose content, which is absorbed quickly into the body. On the other hand, honey contains Fructose, which has a slower rate of absorption and so is useful for sustained energy.
Potentially then, honey may provide both an immediate and sustained energy boost to those engaging in sports, and in relatively small quantities compared with other foods. From this perspective, it might be said that that honey is good for athletes and those engaging in high energy pursuits and endurance sports.
You can read more about calories and carbs in honey here.
So is honey good for you if we look at a wider health issues?
Below are some examples of research papers and articles looking at the potential medicinal benefits of honey.
Talal Alandejani, MD; Joseph G. Marsan, MD; Wendy Ferris, BSc, MLT, MSc; Robert Slinger; Frank Chan, PhD. Effectiveness of Honey on S. aureus and P. aeruginosa Biofilms. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, August 2008, vol 139, issue 2, supp 1: p 107
Manuka honey and Sidr honey were noted to be effective in killing 3 bacterias tested.
MSSA (methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus)
MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus)
PA (Pseudomonas aeriginosa)
The authors also conclude that their findings may hold important clinical implications in the treatment of refractory chronic rhinosinusitis, with topical treatment a possibility.
(i.e. SA = MSSA)
See Ref 1 at the bottom of the page.
Badawy OF, Shafii SS, Tharwat EE, Kamal AM. Antibacterial activity of bee honey and its therapeutic usefulness against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella typhimurium infection. Rev Sci Tech. 2004 Dec;23(3):1011-22.
Scientists used heat treated, concentrated Egyptian clover honey for these experiments that were ‘in vitro’ (i.e. not conducted in the human body). Various bacteria were isolated from human and calf stools, including E.coli, most of which have high anti-biotic resistance.
Concentrated honey was effective against E. coli. In vivo, mice were used as a model for studying the parenteral (i.e. ‘inside the body’) usefulness of honey as an antibacterial agent against both pathogens. There was lower mortality (death) among mice treated with honey although the study states that parenteral application of honey and its therapeutic properties require further investigation.
Sherein I. Abd El Moez, Ahmed S.S. Abdoon, Omaima M. Kandil and Hussein A. Sabra. Activity of Egyptian Cotton Flower Honey as Antimicrobial Agent Against Pathogens of Animal Origin. Global Veterinaria 11 (5): 568-574, 2013
Honey showed strong bactericidal effect against S.typhimurium, S.typhi, and Sh. Sonnei followed by S. aureus, Streptococcus then E. coli O157 then Asperigllus, Klebsiella and L. monocytogenes, E. coli and E. fecalis then Pseudomonas aeruginosa followed by C. Albicans and finally with least hindrance abilities against Bacillus, S. flexneri and Citrobacter.
The scientists conclude that pure cotton flower honey can be used beneficially as an antimicrobial agent.
Lusby PE, Coombes AL, Wilkinson JM. Bactericidal activity of different honeys against pathogenic bacteria. Arch Med Res. 2005 Sep-Oct;36(5):464-7.
The researchers assessed the antibacterial activity of three locally produced honeys and compared them to three commercial therapeutic honeys (including Medihoney and manuka honey) in vitro, and using various concentrations of honey.
Paulus H. S. Kwakman and Sebastian A. J. Zaat. Antibacterial Components of Honey, IUBMB Life, 64(1): 48–55, January 2012
Tested medical grade honeys, Manuka and Revamil (a honey registered as a medical device for wound healing, rather than being registered as an antibacterial).
Interestingly, this paper also discusses the need for standardized, medical-grade honey, thus avoiding differences in efficacy in the treatment of bacteria. This is an important point, because if honey is to be used in a medical setting, medical staff need to be able to rely on the degree to which the treatment can help.
They demonstrate that Manuka honey has bactericidal activity at up to twofold to fourfold higher dilutions than Revamil honey against S. aureus, B. subtilis, and P. aeruginosa, while these honeys have identical activity against E. coli.
Owen A Moore, Lesley A Smith, Fiona Campbell, Kate Seers, Henry J McQuay and R Andrew Moore. Systematic review of the use of honey as a wound dressing. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2001, 1:2 doi:10.1186/1472-6882-1-2
Honey may be good for you especially if you have wounds or burns.
A systematic review, to investigate topical honey in superficial burns and wounds though a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. They found that six of seven studies comparing honey to other treatments, both conventional and unconventional, showed it to be superior for wound healing, maintenance of sterility or eradication of infection.
five of the studied they reviewed were conducted in patients with partial thickness or superficial burns involving less than 40% of the body surface. Comparators with honey were polyurethane film, amniotic membrane, potato peel and silver sulphadiazine. For some or all outcomes honey was superior to all these treatments. Time for healing was significantly shorter for honey than all these treatments.
See Ref 2 at the bottom of the page.
Honey must not be given to infants under the age of one year, due to the risk of botulism. However, pre-cooked foods containing honey are acceptable, such as honey coated serials. Honey may be given to older children.
Contrary to this popular myth, the answer is ‘no, honey is not good for you if you have diabetes’. Sugar is sugar at the end of the day, and in terms of those monitoring their sugar levels, including diabetics, honey is to be treated as any other sugar.
have diabetes and are monitoring your diet, it would be better to select other
sources of carbohydrates that are low in sugar, such as fresh fruit. Read more about honey and diabetes.
Dieters beware! Honey is high in calories, and so is not suitable for a low calorie diet. However, there are some interesting theories about diets containing honey, such as the vinegar and honey diet.
Perhaps honey is good for you due to its anti-bacterial properties, although I'm not aware of any conclusive evidence from studies in humans that eating honey prevents bacterial infections inside the body. However, seeing the research above it looks like this could be worth investigating. There appears to be evidence that certainly, honey is very good for killing bacteria if applied topically.
Bees need our help. If you are keen to purchase honey, please try to buy it in a way that supports ethical practices. See honey buying tips.
1. Source: http://www.metroatlantaotolaryngology.org/journal/nov10/biofilms%20and%20honey.pdf
Go from Is Honey Good For You? to explore the reasons for bee decline.
Go from Is Honey Good For You? to explore the proposed benefits of bee pollen.
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